Tips for Effective Campusing Part 2: Going Big!

As implied here, I’m inspired by the climbing career of the legendary Jerry Moffatt.  During his prime, Moffatt was the best climber in the world, and he dominated on redpoints, onsights, boulders and competitions.  What inspires me most though, was his commitment to hard work and his dedication to training.  He was a phenom in his early years, but that didn’t stop him from putting in long hours in training rooms, on the Bachar Ladder, and the campus board.  He was near the top when 5.12+ was the world standard, and he managed to stay on the crest of the wave as the grades exploded all the way to 5.14c over the course of two decades.

Moffatt notes in Revelations that his best effort on the Campus board was 1-5-8.  Since I first read that, 1-5-8 has been in the back of my mind.  That is something I might be able to do someday. Furthermore, although I haven’t been able to find anything definitive, I’m pretty sure Moffatt is at least a few inches taller than me.  He looks to be within an inch or so of Ben Moon who is 5’11” (I’m 5’7″). Considering the obvious height dependence (or perhaps more precisely, arm-length dependence) of Max Ladders, I feel like it would be quite an accomplishment for me, to match Moffatt’s best.

[Historical aside: Moffatt also says in Revelations he did 1-5-8 statically, which begs the question, if he could 1-5-8 statically, why didn’t he do anything harder than 1-5-8?  Surely he could have.  Examining pictures of the original Campus Board and the Schoolroom Board in Sheffield, it looks like they didn’t have half-steps, so 1-5-8.5 was off the table.  Still, if Moffatt could do 1-5 statically, surely he could do 5-9 as well.  Perhaps the original Campus Board didn’t reach that high. The below pics shows at least 9 rungs, and this video appears to show Gullich campusing up at least 9 rungs on the original board (watch from 0:40 to the end). 

Original Campus Board on the left, Schoolroom board on the right.

Original Campus Board on the left, Schoolroom board on the right.

However, it’s quite possible that either or both of these boards evolved over time. Just because they have 9 rungs in these pics, doesn’t mean they had 9 rungs when Moffatt was using them in his prime.  The 9th rung of the Schoolroom board clearly looks “tacked on”; it’s not evenly spaced, and the material doesn’t match the other rungs.  The classic film The Real Thing shows footage of Moffatt and Ben Moon campusing together (beginning at about 5:00 in this clip ).  Moon does 1-5-“9” (the 9th rung is not at the proper height for a true 1-5-9; it looks to be at about 8.5).  Moffatt does many sick campus moves in this footage, but he doesn’t match Moon’s 1-5-“9”.]

Last year I did 1-8-15 on my Metolius-spaced board, which is pretty close to 1-4.25-7.5 in Moon Spacing.  So I was somewhat close, but as soon as I switched to Moon Spacing I discovered that 1-5 is extremely difficult for me.  I could do the move, but as soon as I latched rung 5, I felt a deep ache in my low shoulder.  The pain didn’t feel threatening, just quite unpleasant, like the burn you feel in your muscles when you have a deep pump.  It was impossible to sustain this position for more than an instant, let alone try to explode upwards from this position. This is where height dependence comes in to play on big campus moves.  The distance between rung 1 and rung five is about 34.6 inches.  The distance from my finger pads (when placed on an edge in a “half crimp” position) and the middle of my armpit is 27″. So even when locking my low hand all the way down to my armpit, I still have to eek another 7.5 inches of reach out of my body to span between 1 and 5, and I’ve discovered that to do so requires significant shoulder strength.

Any excuse to post a pic with my shirt off :)  Here's me spanning from Rung 1 to Rung 5.  Note the difference in height between my two shoulders (about 3 half-increments, or 33cm/13 inches). I've found this requires a lot of strength in the low shoulder.

Any excuse to post a pic with my shirt off 🙂 Here’s me spanning from Rung 1 to Rung 5. Note the difference in height between my two shoulders (about 3 half-increments, or 33cm/13 inches). I’ve found this requires a lot of strength in the low shoulder.

I’ve tackled this weakness in two ways, and I would say each has contributed equally to my improvement.  First, several years ago I added some shoulder strength exercises to my Strength Phase.  For the 4-5 weeks preceding my Power Phase I will perform 3 sets of “Lateral-to-Front Raise” and “Shoulder Press” exercises after each hangboard workout (in addition to other exercises).  This has helped prepare my shoulders for campus exercises, and for doing big/reachy moves in general.  Furthermore, Explosive Pull-ups, Biceps Curls, and Hanging Leg Raises all strengthen muscle groups that are essential to limiting campus moves.  The pull and upper arm muscles are obviously pivotal to generating upward movement, but are also key for slowing decent, making it easier to deadpoint each move.  Not surprisingly, your abdominal muscles play a significant role, and you may notice your abs feel sore for a day or two following the first campus session of each season.  It’s tremendously helpful to prepare these muscle groups prior to beginning your Power Phase, so you have good strength to build off of when you hit the campus board. 

Second, I started trying 1-5 regularly.  About a year ago I started to introduce this move (or 1-10 on my old Metolius-spaced board) in my campus sessions (aka, “Max 1st Move”).  At first I just tried to stick the move, then drop off.  Eventually I start trying to match the high rung as my strength improved, or go to rung 5.5 or 6. 

As I was improving with 1-5, it became apparent that 1-5 is very hard to move out of, because you’re so extended the low hand can’t contribute much to the second move.   Improving your shoulder strength as described above will help a lot, but there are several other complimentary ways to improve at the second move:

1) Get ridiculously strong, such that you can do a 1-arm pull-up from a small campus rung 🙂  However, as discussed last week that kinda defeats the purpose, and there are much easier ways to do it.

2) Use momentum.  On the biggest moves, momentum becomes critical.  It’s much easier to pull up if you keep your hips moving and never stop pulling upwards.  Follow the methods described in Basic Tips, realizing their importance becomes magnified on bigger moves. 

Additionally, in the Basic Tips post I discussed aim and accuracy.  I find it’s much more difficult to accurately place my fingers at the correct depth than it is to deadpoint to the proper vertical height.  Failing to place your finger pads deep-enough on the rung can (and often does) ruin a set.  If you don’t get deep enough, you will either fail to latch the rung, or need to bounce your hand into position before proceeding, thus killing any momentum.  For this reason, I find it helps on difficult moves to aim “through the board”.  Assume you are trying to latch a rung that is a quarter-pad deeper than your rung really is.  This will often result in smacking your tips into the plywood, so don’t over-do it–try to aim for a 1/4″ or so deeper than you need.  Your tips may get slightly bruised and sensitive, so go easy at first.  With practice, you should be able to hit the correct depth on most moves without this technique, but on the most challenging sets, this can really help ensure you can keep your momentum flowing upward to the top.

3) Push with your low hand.  This is critical, and probably the biggest difference between medium and large moves.  For shorter folks in particular, once you are in the 1-5 position, your low hand will not be able to maintain a normal position for pulling for long (with your palm facing the board).  Once you’ve pulled up off Rung 5 a few inches, your low forearm will be more horizontal than vertical, and your palm will be more or less facing the ground.  Get in the habit of pushing down from this position (another reason I like the Shoulder Press is that it trains the Triceps for this motion).  Push for as long as you can maintain contact with Rung 1, before stabbing upward for the high rung (Ben Moon exemplifies this at 6:55 here.  His low hand pushes until his low elbow is nearly locked and his low arm is pointing straight down).  

This shows the action of my low hand while attempting 1-5-8 (Moon Spacing).  The left frame shows the moment of latching Rung 5.  The center frame is a point midway through the second move.  The right frame shows the right hand's last moment of contact with Rung 1. Note that my right arm is almost straight, and my hand is level with my thigh in the right frame.

This shows the action of my low hand while attempting 1-5-8 (Moon Spacing). The left frame shows the moment of latching Rung 5. The center frame is a point midway through the second move. The right frame shows the right hand’s last moment of contact with Rung 1. Note that my right arm is almost straight, and my hand is level with my thigh in the right frame.

This will help with smaller moves as well, not just 1-5-9, but it takes practice.  Dedicate a few sets each session to practicing this movement.  Do the first move of your Max Ladder, but rather than focusing on latching the second move, focus on pushing with your low hand.  Don’t even try to latch the high rung, just try to improve your ability to generate upward movement by pushing with your low hand.  Once you start to get the hang of it, then try to focus on latching the high rung.  Note that this will be easier to do on steeper boards and vice versa.  If your campus board is less than 10-degrees overhanging or so it will be difficult to push properly.

This is another aspect of campusing that translates directly to rock climbing (and something that even beginners can benefit from improving immediately).  If you watch me climb, you will notice that I’m almost always pushing down with my low hand until the last possible moment, particularly on big moves.  Many climbers ignore their low hand once the shoulder passes it.  This is a mistake, and it puts unnecessary strain on the opposing arm’s fingers and pull muscles.

Using the low hand to push on real rock.

Using the low hand to push on real rock.

There are other factors that can affect your campus training besides strength and movement:

Body Weight – As in all aspects of climbing, body weight is a significant factor.  If you’re strictly training, and not trying to perform on the campus board, there is no need to be at your fighting weight.  However, in the interest of minimizing injury risk, it’s a good idea to be within 10 lbs or so of your fighting weight.  As discussed, campusing with added weight can increase the risk of injury, and it doesn’t really matter that much to your elbows if the added weight is iron or fat 🙂

If you are trying to perform on the campus board (for whatever reason, such as to set a personal best), dropping to at, or near, your fighting weight will definitely help.  As with any weight loss, don’t overdo it, lose weight intelligently, and incorporate it into your Seasonal Training Plan to ensure you can sustain it through your performance phase.  For me, I struggle to stay at my fighting weight for more than about 4 weeks, so if I get to that weight in time for my Power Phase, I’m likely to struggle mid-way through my Performance Phase.  Most climbers are not concerned with their performance on the campus board, and so would be better off timing their diet to peak later in the season.

Arousal – As with any power-oriented exercise, your mental state of arousal can play a big part.  In other types of climbing, excessive arousal can be a hindrance (like a technical route where precise footwork is required).  There is certainly a technical aspect to campusing, as discussed at length.  It’s important to work on the technique, but it’s also important to just go for it at times and see what you can do.  If you are stilling learning the technique, spend the first half of the workout going slow, working on individual aspects of your Max Ladder, and using your conscious mind to control your actions.  Then get aggro for the rest of the workout.  This is the time to get fired up and go for it.  Don’t worry about doing the movements perfectly; focus on giving each attempt your most intense effort.

Different people have their own triggers, so experiment with different methods and see what works best for you.  I like to listen to  upbeat music, usually Hip Hop or something with a strong beat.  Occasionally I’ll grit my teeth and make a “GRRR!” sound just before I start a set.  I’m not much of a screamer, but I will occasionally let out a brief ‘yelp’ as I begin the second move of a Max Ladder.  Some folks have tried external stimulants like caffeine (and who knows what else in the ’80s), but I generally avoid that kind of thing.
Record Keeping – One could argue you aren’t training if you aren’t keeping track.  I went many years without documenting my campus work, and it was a huge mistake.  I had no idea what my plan was, or any way of telling if I was getting better.  As soon as I started documenting my workouts I started making significant progress.   Use a log sheet like the one shown here to document each set of your workouts.  Make not of your personal bests, and strive to match, and then surpass them, each season.  Also, use the log to desribe your campus board’s specifications in case you ever change venues.

At my ever-advancing age, I’m constantly tempted to think I’ve peaked as an athlete, and my best years are behind me.  Three years ago, at the spry age of 33, my personal best was 1-7-13 (in Metolius Spacing,  which equates to roughly 1-3.75-6.5 in Moon Spacing).  I couldn’t do 1-5 at all, let alone pull off of it.  Three weeks ago, I put all these tips into action, and sent 1-5-8, Moon spacing (admittedly, with some slight dabs against the wall):

Perhaps 1-5-9 isn’t out of the question for me after all?


16 thoughts on “Tips for Effective Campusing Part 2: Going Big!

  1. I’ve been enjoying your posts. Thanks for the effort. Btw, check out Jan Hojer’s 1-9. His comment about technique alone not being enough to climb hard routes is spot on, imo. Most people successfully climbing anything mid 5.13 and above have enough technique to climb harder.


  2. Thanks for all the input on campusing. One question: When you say “Metolius spacing” I believe you mean 4″, correct? In that case, 1-8-15 has 14 x 4″ or 56″ of total distance. That is 142.24 cm. At Moon spacing of 22 cm, 6.47 spacing, so it seems like 1-8-15 is more like 1-3.25-6.46. What am I missing as your getting 1-4.25-7.5?

    Thanks, Phil


    • Phil,

      After you do your conversion calculation, you need to add “1” to each number. In other words, 6.46 is the gap between rungs, so if you start at rung 0, you end at rung 6.46. However, we start at rung 1, so we then we will end at rung 7.46. Same goes for the middle rung. The gap between rungs is 3.25, so if we start at Rung 1, we end at Rung 4.25.

      Now you know why Metolius Spacing makes my head hurt 🙂

      If you have a Metolius-spaced board, the best thing to do is simply get out a tape measure and mark the locations of Moon-spaced rungs. That way you can just look at your board and see what is equivalent, instead of suffering through these calculations.


      • I have a Moon spaced board, which means the distance from top of rung to top of run is 22 cm. Maybe I’m confused about how Metolius has people build their boards. Are you saying that the have you put 4″ from the top of one rung to the bottom of the next? Now I’m even more confused. but thanks for the fast reply!


      • Metolius spacing is the same concept, 4″ from the top of one rung to the top of the next rung. Perhaps this will help. The below chart is drawn to scale, Metolius spacing on the left (4″ between lines), Moon spacing on the right (8.66″ between lines):
        Moon Spacing vs Metolius Spacing


  3. Hey Mark, I’m enjoying the site! Great work. I figured if anyone knew, you would, and you may have covered it somewhere… do we know the depth and shape of the original schoolroom rungs?


    • Hi Kris, glad you’re digging the new site!

      That’s a great question. I haven’t found anything definitive, but this source claims the Schoolroom rungs are 16-18mm-deep. In Revelations, Moffatt says (referring to the Campus board), “[The Campus Board] was covered in a series of horizontal, parallel wooden ‘rungs’, square rods about two centimeters deep, running about a foot apart up the board…I took off some of the two-centimeter holds, as there were too many of them, and put on a series of large but very sloping holds, running up the left-hand side of the board. Up the right-hand side I put a ladder of small holds, perhaps 15 millimeters deep, but rounded off. It was extremely difficult to hang from these.”

      Metolious Small Rungs are spec’d at 3/4″ deep, but all of mine are actually 23/32″-deep, which is almost exactly 18-millimeters. Based on what I’ve seen in photos and videos I think the small Metolious rungs are at least in the same ballpark as the most common small rungs overseas. If anyone knows of any other specs, please let us know!


  4. Love the new site! Here in Grand Junction, our gym owner came up with a design variation of the campus board. I have had a few discussion with fellow climbers about its impact and differences from a traditional campus board. The main difference is that the campus rungs have been cut in the middle and angled away from the climber (imagine a phantom rung in front of you and bending your pinkies in a few degrees [less than five] away from you bringing your thumbs toward you). This was thought to create less stress on the wrists and allow for longer/better training sessions. I have always thought that this was good innovation, but kept from standardization and worked more compression strength than pure power and contact strength. I was wondering where you would weigh in on this? If you are having problems visualizing I can get a picture.


    • Jesse,

      I think you’re saying the board is basically a convex shape, so its like your campusing up a subtle prow (but you should post a picture anyway!). That sounds like an interesing idea. I would have to try it to form a useful opinion. I agree this would definitely introduce some element of compression, but how much depends on how convex the board is; it may not be that significant. Generally I will take standardization over everything else when it comes to campusing, because this is just about the only aspect of climbing training that can be easily compared around the globe.



  5. Hey guys, this is my first post here. First off I want to thank you all for the ton of work you’ve put into this site and the amazing book. I just got my autographed copy in the mail the other day and it is already looking well used 😉

    I have one quick question to start off: what do you mean by “progressive max ladders” in the campusing section? Maybe I just missed it, but I can’t seem to find anywhere an explanation of what this exercise entails.

    Keep up the awesome work gents!



    • Chris,

      Glad you like the book! “Progressive Max Ladder” is simply a term we made up to describe attempting several sets of progressively more difficult “Max Ladders” over the course of a workout, or Phase.

      For example, suppose your Baseline Max Ladder is 1-3-5 (or B1-L3-R5-B5 and B1-R3-L5-B5 to be overly descriptive). If you were doing “progressive max ladders” you would try to improve upon that baseline, by attempting 1-3.5-5.5, or 1-3.5.5. If you stuck those, you would then try 1-3.5-6, and so on.


      • Thanks for the fast reply Mark. That’s what I figured you meant, but I wanted to make sure. You are right about one thing: campusing is addictive! We have a fairly poor bouldering area in our local (university) climbing gym, so I am focusing more on the hangboard, campus rungs, core training, general strength training and mobility/flexibility work. This will all be complemented by climbing outdoors when I get the chance…luckily the NRG is only 2 hours away. Despite the fact that I am climbing less than in previous years, it seems that I am actually climbing stronger. I am really looking forward to applying more of your training principles in months to come!



      • Sorry I am probably retard, still not getting it…what does that “dot” in 1-3.5-5.5 or 1-3.5-6 mean? Could you translate to more common B1-L3 pattern? Thanks a lot, Jan.


      • Sorry, the “dot” is a decimal point, so 3.5 means “three-and-a-half”. The reason for using half-steps is that we advocate “Moon-spacing”, which is rungs spaced on 22-centimeter intervals. However, 22-cm intervals are fairly large, making it difficult to progress from one ladder to the next-more-difficult ladder. The solution is to add extra rungs in between the standard Moon-spaced rungs. These additional rungs are the ones that get a “X.5” designation.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s